Special Economic Zones are designated areas of Poland in which investors can conduct business activity on preferential terms.
On the territory of the Lubelskie voivodeship there are 4 Special Economic Zones (SEZs):
• Starachowice SEZ
• Euro-Park Mielec SEZ
• Tarnobrzeg Europark WISŁOSAN SEZ
• Pomeranian SEZ
including 18 sub-zones of special economic zones (SEZs):
• One within Starachowice SEZ.
- Puławy 119.31 ha
• Seven within the Tarnobrzeg Europark WISŁOSAN SEZ
2. Łuków 40.49 ha
3. Tomaszów Lubelski 10.56 ha
4. Janów Lubelski 36,41 ha
5. Kraśnik 23.48 ha
6. Horodło 5.30 ha
7. Ryki 4.46 ha
8. Radom – the Poniatowa commune 7.7 ha
• Nine within Euro-Park Mielec SEZ
9. Radzyń Podlaski 7.62 ha
10. Rejowiec Fabryczny 27.10 ha
11. Lubartów 19.78 ha
12. Lublin 118.08 ha
13. Chełm 20.62 ha
14. Zamość 53.52 ha
15. Międzyrzec Podlaski 8.93 ha
16. Kraśnik 2.29 ha
17. Krasnystaw 2.62 ha
• One within Pomeranian SEZ
18. Biała Podlaska 96 ha
Enterpreneurs who open businesses within special economic zones can count on exemption from income tax on account of the investment expenditures incurred or two-year employment costs related to new employees.
The amount of exemption depends on the size of the enterprise:
• 70% – for micro- and small enterprises
• 60% – for medium-sized enterprises
• 50% – for large enterprises
This is the highest level of support in Poland (as Lubelskie is one of four voivodeships of Eastern Poland).
The incentives offered by SEZs:
• State aid in the form of income tax allowances and exemptions
• the infrastructure necessary for industry
• the accessibility of attractive invesment areas
• administrative assistance on legal issues
Requirements for investors opearting in SEZs:
• running economic activity for at least 5 years (large) and 3 years (SMEs)
• retaining the ownership of assets connected with investment expenditures for 5 years (3 years in the case of small and medium-sized enterprises).
The conditions for joining SEZs:
• the minimum amount of investment is EUR 100,000
• the creation of new jobs (the minimum number is defined based on the unemployment rate in a given region)
Moreover, the vast majority of municipalities in the region offers real estate tax exemptions for enterprises interested in making investments on their territories.
Another strength of the Lubelskie region are competitive land prices.
When investors apply for permissions to conduct business in economic zones, authorities pay a lot of attention to the number of jobs created and the contribution to the industrialisation of the innovativess of a given economic sector (the best chances for such permission have enterprises representing top priority sectors).